EXPERT BODY – UN HEADQUARTERS -|- FOR EMERGENCY CASES
Through the experiences of recent events caused by natural disasters in Haiti, Chile, Indonesia and other areas that occurred in last ten years, there has been a number of very significant organizational problems-gaps that are directly related to current and subsequent consequences for population and material goods that were affected by natural calamities.
I have a certain degree of experience that encourages me to suggest one way of working that would enable the UN to somehow always be timely informed and ready for immediate action in the event of natural and other disasters of major proportions.
From the above I suggest the expert body on the level of UN to be formed consisting of 5-6 officers-professionals who would immediately upon the occurrence of natural disaster arrive on the spot to assess the consequences and organize key activities to assist affected areas.
The key element of assessment for their involvement is the answer to whether the country which is affected by natural calamities can (and to what extent) resolve them on its own. If not, the UN expert body would organize and coordinate measures to remove and remediate the resulting consequences of natural calamities.
Expert Body – Headquarters would organize several key activities on eliminating the consequences of natural disaster:
Organization of rescue from the area that was affected by natural calamities
Organization of first aid and evacuation of casualties to less affected areas,
The organization measures on the distribution of international aid
Organization of rehabilitation of the area after the natural disaster
Cooperation with the countries within affected areas as well as with countries that have developed rescuing services in order to get timely people and material resources for rescue for certain natural disasters (earthquakes tsunami-waves of avalanches, floods, storm covenant, volcanic eruptions, etc.
Other issues that directly depend on the situation on the field
1.1. Organization of rescue involves the rescue from collapsed and damaged buildings in cooperation with local communities and organizations receiving međunardonih forces that are specialized for rescue in accordance with a kind of natural disaster that has engulfed the area. Along with these there would, according to the estimates of Headquarters’ chief and the local community, be organized a way of formulating requirements for type and extent of assistance needed for this type of protection and rescue.
1.2. When elaborating this measure it is necessary to sort out which profile of help is needed and which material resources are necessary for rescue from collapsed or damaged buildings, depending on the type of natural disaster /earthquake, volcanic eruptions, floods, etc./
2.1. Elaboration of this activity goes in several directions. From first aid on the spot to developing hospital capacity in the local conditions and to organizing evacuation of wounded and sick to remote places where they will be given professional medical help.
3.1. Lessons learned from the last earthquake in Haiti suggest that international humanitarian assistance may not be effective unless world public is informed, and the aid timely delivered, safely unloaded and equally distributed. Unorganized admission of the international humanitarian aid does not reach the population which it is intended for and is subject to criminal actions of individuals and groups.
4.1. Remediation of consequences certainly can not be effective unless local resources along with international forces are properly engaged and clearly informed what kind of assistance is needed for elimination of consequences resulting from the natural disaster. This type of support must be established through a short period of time, as well as the one that will be realized in the following period, often ending with international conferences at which the total financial support is defined.
5.1. Firstly, there is the timely initiation of the affected countries to know what consequences they are facing in connection with the assessment of threat from natural disaster that they can be stroke with, which neighboring states and in which areas have significant material resources that can be freely used for rehabilitation of consequences of natural disasters.
6.1. This measure would be undertaken at the request of local government structures of the country affected by natural disaster in conjunction with the Head of Staff of the United Nations Headquarters for Emergency Intervention, which would be on the spot.
The foregoing may serve as an opportunity to decide on the formation of professional bodies – the UN headquarters for emergency intervention. Further formation, organization, planning and fill with professional experts in this body would be subject to the professional work of one of the UN bodies responsible for these issues.